Additional pressures in rural economies result from conflict, natural resource depletion and climate change. Existing programs generally exclude employment targets and have even been known to reduce job creation in the short term, as jobs which exist only through government. These resources can be accessed in two windows below: through the 2030 Agenda’s SDGs or through the DWA Outcomes. 94), Consultation (Industrial and National Levels) Recommendation, 1960 (No. Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security”. Nearly 20 per cent of people employed in rural areas live in extreme poverty, compared with just over 4 per cent in urban areas. Production, manufacturing and services will be further decentralized (3-D printing, internet-based services etc. In short, the idea behind Decent Work is first of all an income, which allows the working … Addressing OSH gaps can turn the vicious circle described above into a virtuous circle of healthier lives and increased productivity which maximizes decent work and sustainable development outcomes. [12] But there do exist debates on whether reducing the size of the informal economy would bring about social welfare. These indicators include unemployment rates, employment-to-population ratios, labour force participation rates, and the employment intensity of growth or elasticity of employment with respect to output – this last indicator measures how much employment growth is associated with 1 percentage point of economic growth. Moreover, the implementation of the recommendation adopted in 2004 by the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization under the title “A Fair Globalization” would contribute greatly to reducing inequality among countries (SDG 10). The International Labour Organization (ILO) identifies four strategic pillars of a decent work agenda: full and productive employment, rights at work, social protection and promotion of social dialogue.1 Decent work includes opportunities that are productive and deliver a fair income and security in the … 163), The Global Initiative on Decent Jobs for Youth, Integration of the SDGs into National Planning, Gender Equality for Sustainable Development. Economic growth is a prerequisite for increasing productive employment; it is the combined result of increases in employment and increases in labour productivity. Freedom of association is a democratic human right under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and therefore central to the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda which seeks to “realize the human rights of all”. The approaches to the promotion of enterprise development have evolved over the years. Key to the development of international norms for “decent work” is the ILO Decent Work Agenda, a soft-law initiative adopted in 1999. Death and disability resulting from hazardous work is a major cause of poverty, affecting entire families. Unless productive employment is at the heart of macroeconomic and social policies and the aggregate demand for labour is expanding, it is not possible to have successful programmes to integrate disadvantaged young people into the labour market. At national level, a coherent, integrated and well-designed employment policy, which cuts across the macro- and microeconomic dimensions and addresses both labour demand and supply, is of utmost importance to tackle employment related problems. No country can effectively deal with labour migration in isolation. The poorest and least protected, often women, children and migrants, are among the most affected. [12] This has been attributed to difficulties in obtaining formal sector jobs due to the creasing pressure of globalization. It is closely linked to the other three pillars of the DWA since the stability, productivity and decency of jobs depend to a large extent on the existence of social safety nets. These employment intensive programmes can restore and protect the productive capacity of lands, build resilient infrastructure capable of addressing climate change and natural disasters and at the same time, create livelihood and income security for the most vulnerable. The situation of the “working poor” must be a matter of particular attention, especially in countries where the formal economy is small, and where many women and men work – often arduously and for long hours – but are simply unable to earn enough to lift themselves and their families out of poverty. Contents. Increasing productivity of the poor, improving their employability and creating productive employment opportunities for them is an important way to fight poverty. Some are difficult and demanding, others are more hazardous and morally reprehensible. At the moment 81 national centers in 56 countries participate with various events in this Campaign. Decent work sums up the aspirations of people in their working lives. Standards are adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the ILO’s constituents and are therefore an expression of universally acknowledged principles. This will lead to an expansion of hitherto “atypical” employment relationships. Children’s or adolescents’ participation in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with their schooling, can be regarded as something positive. The Declaration adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015 projects a vision: “We envisage a world of universal respect for human rights and human dignity, the rule of law, justice, equality and non-discrimination; of respect for race, ethnicity and cultural diversity; and of equal opportunity permitting the full realization of human potential and contributing to shared prosperity” (Para 8). "There is also a growing interest on the part of the EU and international civil society in decent work, as illustrated for instance by: the launch of the Decent Work/Decent Life [Campaign]…".[16]. The second link is both conceptual but also of operational value because … Environmental sustainability is a precondition for sustainable development and decent jobs. The concept of forced labour covers a wide range of coercive labour practices, which … This paper examines the impact of the ILO’s concept of Decent Work on development thinking and the associated literature. However, many challenges remain: while the global number of children in child labour has declined by one third since 2000, 168 million children are still in child labour and more than half of them, 85 million, are in hazardous work. In addition to the ILO system, the goals of full employ-ment and decent … We also recognize that international migration is a multi-dimensional reality of major relevance for the development of countries of origin, transit and destination, which requires coherent and comprehensive responses. The 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda 17 goals: + 169 targets + 230 indicators + Leave no one behind 6. Enterprises are central to the Decent Work Agenda (DWA) and sustainable development: enterprises create jobs, observe and implement labour standards, contribute to social protection through taxes and own contributions, and constitute the place where workers and employers interact on a daily basis. The discrimination that certain groups, such as women, ethnic or racial minorities and migrants, face in the labour market makes them highly vulnerable to exploitation and abuses such as forced labour. While the nature and location of work has always been changing, the pace of change has greatly accelerated, the scope of change has broadened, and the impact of change has deepened, affecting even existing social values. 163). Social dialogue takes many different forms. We will cooperate internationally to ensure safe, orderly and regular migration involving full respect for human rights and the humane treatment of migrants regardless of migration status, of refugees and of displaced persons.”. Defining the concept of Decent Work, Decent Work Deficits. Advancing gender equality will require addressing these gaps, including the unpaid and undervalued work undertaken by women, redistributing care responsibilities, and ensuring equal remuneration for work of equal value. It may take place at the national, regional, international, cross-border or local levels. The weakness of the collective voice of rural workers and employers has deep-rooted causes such as the fragmentation and low levels of membership of trade unions and employers’ organizations in rural areas. The profits of a globalized economy are more fairly distributed in a society with equality, leading to greater social stability and broader public support for further economic development. Of particular importance from a decent work perspective are SDG targets 4.4 (skills for youth employment), 8.5 (full employment), 8.6 (reduction in youth unemployment), and 8.b (a global strategy for youth employment). However, experience has shown that in the longer term and at the aggregate level, productivity growth may not necessarily reduce employment growth in a country. These different dimensions of inequality are often linked and tend to reinforce each other. Considerable differences exist between the many kinds of work in which children are engaged. The world of work is undergoing a major process of change. The decline in the employment content of growth is a matter of policy concern. The Decent Jobs for Youth knowledge facility is a digital platform of tools, publications, databases, thematic resources and more to support evidence-informed action on youth employment. 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