During the afternoon sessions, workshop participants considered an overview of a sustainable development framework elaborated by IISD and engaged in plenary and panel discussions on key issues raised during the meeting. On the PRSP process, he said it is too early to evaluate it, but care should be taken to ensure that civil society has a say in how the process moves forward. She supported research on why some interventions work and others do not. Although poverty is a multi-dimensional phenomenon, poverty levels are often measured using economic dimensions based on income and consumption [].Amartya Sen’s capability deprivation approach for poverty measurement, on the other hand, defines poverty as not merely a matter of actual income but an inability to acquire certain minimum … Sinopec's Fixed-point Poverty Alleviation and Pairing Program Lifts Eight Counties Out of Poverty in Response to UN Sustainable Development Goals. For more information contact: Zehra Aydin-Sipos, Major Groups Focal Point, Division for Sustainable Development; tel: +1-212-963-8811; e-mail: [email protected], THIRD UN CONFERENCE ON LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES: This meeting will be held from 14-20 May 2001 in Brussels, Belgium. The Brundtland report defined this concept as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Climate change and environmental degradation add to the challenges. Globally in 2014, 73.3 million youth were unemployed. Speech at the 2017 Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum on “Targeted Poverty Alleviation and 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda”  - Beijing, China She said IISD should move beyond the issues of causality between poverty and environmental degradation and definitions of sustainable development. She said this resulted in higher incomes and less out-migration. She also called for consideration of how to link PRSPs and the sustainable development framework, suggesting that IISD should provide balanced policy advice on PRSPs. For more information contact: Office of the Special Coordinator for Least Developed, Landlocked and Island Developing Countries, UNCTAD, Geneva, Switzerland; tel: +41-22-907-5893; fax: +41-22-907-0046; Internet: http://www.unctad.org/en/subsites/ldcs/document.htm and http://www.un.org/events/ldc3/conference/, "ISTANBUL+5" - SPECIAL SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY FOR AN OVERALL REVIEW AND APPRAISAL OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE HABITAT AGENDA: This Special Session of the UN General Assembly will convene in June 2001. Panelist Roy Culpeper highlighted the message of creating trust at the local, national and international levels. The workshop on Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development: Exploring the Links was held on 23 January 2001 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. In fact, there is no historical precedent in history for sharp reductions in poverty and growth in incomes that is not characterized by an evolution of the economy from agriculture, to manufacturing, to services. A BRIEF HISTORY OF POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Widespread poverty is an enduring problem and poverty alleviation has been a key component in development strategies over the past 50 years. The developing countries have been criticized for their inability toreduce poverty and contribute to sustainable agricultural development. For Sustainable Poverty Alleviation and Food Security Abstract The paper provides an updated insight on the role that urban agriculture can play in pursuing the Millennium Development Goals and more specifically MDG 1 and 7, related to poverty reduction, food security, and environmental sustainability. And when violent armed conflict breaks, that is poverty reduction in reverse. Another speaker noted that where the poor do cause degradation, it is not an issue of blame but rather that those in poverty have no alternatives, as wealth is necessary to create options. Globally, the number of people living in extreme poverty declined from 36 per cent in 1990 to 10 per cent in 2015. Poverty alleviation is an essential step in the direction of defending the humanity's dignity and it is the prerequisite for creating development perspectives for the “damned of the earth,” which now number about a billion, when speaking about extreme poverty. He said his aim was to consider how the concept of sustainable development fits into the vision for development articulated by Joseph Stiglitz of the World Bank in his Prebisch lecture at UNCTAD in 1998. Again, she highlighted the coming together of stakeholders from different institutional sectors of society as the key to success. Stiglitz notes that these groups must be involved in decisions on how society responds to economic and technological changes. In the 1950s and 1960s, efforts often involved investments in large-scale physical infrastructure projects, while in the 1970s the focus shifted to the development of human capital. An important way to ‘govern the borders’ is the development of model villages. That is why the UN Secretary-General has put conflict prevention at the core of his priorities. Yet, over the last decade or so, we have seen a breakdown in the relationship between increases in labor productivity and improvements in the earnings of a median household. For instance, the centrality of peace to sustainable development and poverty reduction is one of hallmarks of the Sustainable Development Goals, and it marks a sharp contrast to the MDGs. In more recent years, there has also been an increased focus on good governance. The 36th Session in 2003 will focus on "Population education and development." She challenged the notion of substitution between different types of capital, stressing that certain critical stocks of natural capital have to be kept intact. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2017/66 Goal 1 calls for an end to poverty in all its manifestations by 2030. The progress on poverty reduction in China is a big part of the overall global progress in lifting people out of poverty. In recent years, tackling such widespread poverty appears once more to have become a priority issue for many aid agencies. Excerpts from Sustainable Developments may be used in other publications with appropriate academic citation. He stressed that the programme should not be judged based on the preliminary reports and first impressions. He said the components of PRSPs needed to be carefully considered. He commented on the PRSPs’ lack of focus on sustainable development and called for more research on relationships between PRSPs and their compatibility with securing long-term needs. Reviewing the literature on real wealth and sustainable development, Anil Markandya said indicators need to look at the trends in all types of capital, including human and natural capital. On the role of the private sector and capitalism, he noted that it takes time to develop capitalist institutions with a human face and that the process needs support. Prior to CSD-9, intersessional meetings will be held. He added that there is a need to refocus development strategies on key basic economic infrastructure. Second, we cannot assume that development and the path towards poverty eradication is steady – it will be beset by volatility, by bumps, by shocks, which call for sustained attention to risk-informed approaches to poverty reduction. Ladies and gentlemen. To take another dimension, the 2030 Agenda includes Sustainable Development Goals linked with structural transformation and industrialization, both critical to eliminate poverty. Looking ahead, the role of automation may make the generation of labor-intensive economic activity even more difficult – at least in the short run. He said a case-by-case approach to poverty alleviation was required and said a "one-size-fits-all approach" was not appropriate. For more information contact: Maude Lichtenstern, World Economic Forum; tel: +41-22-869-1210; e-mail [email protected]; Internet: http://weforum.org/ or http://www.ac.com/ideas/wef/Davos_2001.html, THIRD INTERNATIONAL MEETING OF ECONOMISTS ON GLOBALIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT ISSUES: This meeting will be held in Havana, Cuba, from 29 January- 2 February 2001. Workshop Chair Maurice Strong, Senior Adviser to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, noted that poverty is an "ancient" and enduring problem, but one that need no longer be accepted as inevitable given the unprecedented prosperity and opportunities for wealth creation available today. Another participant cautioned against rushing the development of PRSPs and against a simultaneous speeding up of lending. It was in the light of these events that this high-level workshop was organized to consider the linkages between poverty alleviation and sustainable development. Its expanded south-south cooperation and new global platform -- the Belt and Road initiative -- have the potential to act as Sustainable Development Goals accelerators across many low income and fragile countries, with heavy investment in infrastructure, energy and industrialization as well as social sector needs. Reference is made to urban This accounts for the dynamics that have led to increasing economic inequality within many countries, or that have kept it high in others. This one-day workshop was organized by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and was attended by 50 high-level participants representing government agencies, academic institutions, United Nations bodies, the World Bank, business and industry, and international and non-governmental organizations. Thousands of new business initiatives, development institution programs, and innovative investment funds focused on poverty alleviation have emerged during this time. During the morning session, participants heard keynote speeches and engaged in discussions on three issues: social capital and sustainable development – the role of market and non-market institutions in a developing country; poverty alleviation and sustainable development – the implications for the management of natural capital; and the World Bank/International Monetary Fund Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) and sustainable development. He said governments seeking concessional funding are required to prepare PRSPs, which are intended to make operational the principles of the Comprehensive Development Framework, including: country ownership; a comprehensive and long-term perspective; and participation and strengthening of social capital. She said limitations were encountered in replication of the initiative and noted the need to create links with national institutions as part of a second phase. Funding for coverage of this meeting has been provided by IISD. He noted some reservations by Markandya on evidence that poverty causes environmental degradation and greater confidence that environmental degradation harms the poor more than the wealthy. Another participant called for recognition of the community security dimension and cautioned against striving for an ideal model without recognizing unique local conditions. He added that the incoming administration would create a new situation and possibly some new opportunities. Angela Cropper, IISD Board Member, suggested possible directions for future IISD activities. The MDGs have formed the central reference point for global development efforts since they were established as international targets in 2000. He stressed that conditionality has not been eliminated, as funds will be transferred only under credible PRSPs and governments will be held accountable to undertakings contained in PRSPs. She said the case study involved giving a community user rights to upstream forest land and making the community responsible for its protection. So, to conclude, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development contains the central aspiration of “leaving no on behind and reaching those furthest behind first.” The targets under Sustainable Development Goal 1 are defined in eradicating extreme poverty by 2030. He provided a detailed examination of some of the hypotheses contained in relevant studies on linkages between poverty and natural capital. However, he added that during the same period the absolute number living in poverty remained constant at 1.23 billion, while world GDP rose by over 50%. My central argument today is that, to meet the Sustainable Development Goal 1 to eradicate poverty, we need to conceive of development as a process that depends on economic growth, but in which the nature of economic growth will ultimately determine how successful we will be in eradicating poverty. She highlighted the need for: integration of the project to fit local needs and aspirations; the creation of possibilities for scaling up; and linkages with external markets. He called for further consideration of why poverty levels have declined so significantly in that region. The Preparatory Committee is scheduled to meet in New York from 12-23 February and 30 April - 11 May in 2001, and from 14-25 January 2002. Roy Culpeper noted participants’ statements that each country is unique and has its own individual circumstances. In sub-Saharan Africa, UNDP estimates that gender gaps in the labour market cost on average US$95 billion per year in GDP losses between 2010 and 2014. To take another example, in Latin America, while the annual average of people that escaped poverty during the period 2003 to 2008 reached almost 8 million people, following the global economic crisis, this reduction slowed down to an annual average of around 5 million people from 2009 to 2014. Poverty reduction, poverty relief, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty.. Workshop panelist Keith Bezanson suggested that Canada could learn from a UK initiative involving an off-the-record roundtable for participants largely from developing countries with key UK officials that resulted in a white paper. The issue was highlighted by Joseph Stiglitz of the World Bank in his Prebisch Lecture at the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in 1998. SESSION TWO: OVERVIEW OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK. The Summit will aim to reinvigorate the global commitment to sustainable development at the highest level. She concluded by supporting initiatives within the framework of the existing network of organizations to which IISD belongs and endorsed a focus on sustainable livelihoods, as it builds on previous IISD work. The Committee on Trade and Environment is scheduled to meet from 13-14 February, 27-28 June and 30-31 October. The opinions expressed in Sustainable Developments are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of IISD and other funders. © 2020 United Nations Development Programme, Targeted Poverty Alleviation & 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Electronic versions of Sustainable Developments are sent to e-mail distribution lists (ASCII and PDF format) and can be found on the Linkages WWW-server at http://enb.iisd.org/. For more information contact: Secretariat for the Special Session on Children, UNICEF House, 3 UN Plaza, New York NY 10017, USA; Internet: http://www.unicef.org/specialsession/, HIGH-LEVEL INTERNATIONAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL EVENT ON FINANCING FOR DEVELOPMENT: This high-level international meeting on Financing for Development will be held in February/March 2002. WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM ANNUAL MEETING: The 2001 annual meeting of the World Economic Forum is scheduled for 25-30 January 2001 in Davos, Switzerland. Poverty entails more than the lack of income and productive resources to ensure sustainable livelihoods. On the first case study, regarding a project focused on social capital for sustainable development in a poor rural community in Eastern India, she said the project led to the pooling of land and water resources to achieve an appropriate scale for development. Since 1990, the total number of people in extreme poverty fell by more than 1.1 billion, and MDG 1 (reducing poverty rate by half between 1990 and 2015) was fully met ahead of scheduled. One participant said lessons learned, particularly over the past 15 years, include the importance of country driven/owned strategies, inclusion of civil society, and coordination between all partners. China is also leveraging its experience internationally. He applauded the current international development targets as a useful way to focus the agenda, even if they may be difficult to achieve. She said sustainable development encompasses poverty intervention in developing countries as well as lifestyle issues in developed countries. ILO data shows that labor productivity in 36 developed economies rose by 17 percent between 1999 and 2013, but real wages increased by only 6 percent over that period. In addition, he noted some evidence to indicate that when there is a loss of natural capital – such as through natural disasters – the poor suffer disproportionately more than the rich. As long as we are committed to respect their integrated and indivisible nature, the pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals will “transform our world” and should enable us, for the first time in history, to eradicate poverty. One participant made the point that poverty alleviation is fundamentally bottom-up and situational, while another commented on the evolution of the formal and informal sectors, noting that they may merge, or may develop independently in a way that leads to tensions or conflict between the two sectors. With an expected USD 700 billion drop in external finance to developing countries this year, the financing needed to meet the Global Goals is at risk of collapse, threatening decades of progress on poverty alleviation and sustainable development. He noted Stiglitz’s call for a greater focus on culture and institutional development, with attention paid to stakeholders – the individual, family and community, as well as the public and private sectors. Some 340 counties would no longer be labeled as ‘impoverished’. Participants also highlighted: the need for community participation; the importance of tailoring solutions to meet specific local needs; the harmful consequences of the rise in military conflicts and the need for stability in tackling poverty; the benefit of a strong judicial system in ensuring good governance; the positive experience of using micro-financing to allow those in poverty to become agents for change; the negative role of donor coordination, which one speaker described as a "self-serving club"; and the need to increase the capacity within developing countries to deal with aid coordination. Technological change, especially in robotics and artificial intelligence, is providing a wide variety of options to automate industrial production and the delivery of a range of services (driverless cars may be around the corner; restaurants and shops increasingly carry the option to order by touchscreen and retail hubs are disappearing due to on-line shopping). moral- commitment. He stressed the need for "homegrown strategies" and visions for societal transformation in developing countries as well as buy-in from other development partners to enhance aid coordination. Jim MacNeill also noted the vast subsidies in areas such as agriculture and stated that subsidies are often economically perverse, environmentally destructive and primarily benefit the rich. It is an honor to join you today. POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IMPLICATIONS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL CAPITAL BY A. MARKANDYA1 UNIVERSITY OF BATH AND THE WORLD BANK PREPARED FOR THE WORKSHOP ON POVERTY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OTTAWA, 23RD JANUARY 2001 ORGANIZED BY THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REVISED … The Education Challenge (Bernardo Rivera and A.F. One of the most important items on the General Assembly agenda in September will be adopting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2016-2030. On the relationship between the HIPC process and PRSPs, he said the development of poverty reduction strategies has been agreed as a prerequisite for faster debt relief. He highlighted the need to understand better the process of adaptation of institutions to cope with such changes, and suggested there are common grounds with Stiglitz’s proposed strategy for development. The Director of IISD Reporting Services (including Sustainable Developments) is Langston James "Kimo" Goree VI [email protected]. The road map towards sustainable development outlined above points to the complexity of the system within which problems of . And recognizing that, despite this progress, there are still millions of people living in poverty, the country is devoting additional resources and policy focus to take even further the poverty alleviation efforts. The meeting’s theme is "Bridging the Divides: Creating a Roadmap for the Global Future." Poverty alleviation strategies. For the last two years, with economic conditions deteriorating, in part due to the decrease in commodity prices, it is estimated that the net number of people living in poverty increased by 1.4 million a year. In addition, development progress is not linear. We also see increasing vulnerabilities in certain groups of countries (Least Development Countries, Land Locked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States). This would be the consequence of two interrelated factors. He said this workshop aimed to explore the case for using a sustainable development framework in addressing poverty alleviation. He said studies by the World Bank Environment Department had found very limited inclusion of considerations relating to natural resource management and environment in the I-PRSPs submitted to date. He said a sustainable development framework for poverty alleviation should place the individual, family and community in the center of the equation. Globally, extreme poverty rates are at an all-time low. On IISD’s role with regard to poverty alleviation, sustainable development and the aid agenda, one participant stressed the need for policy relevant research for use by policy-makers and practitioners. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a bold commitment to finish what we started, and end poverty in all forms and dimensions by 2030. In fact, today almost four in five workers in developing countries are in vulnerable forms of employment and have little or no access to social protection, low and volatile income, and high levels of job insecurity. A new generation of development goals will soon be needed. This can only be achieved with a combination of effective social protection and improved creation of decent jobs, especially for the large and growing segment of young people. This session will focus on: atmosphere; energy/transport; information for decision making and participation; and international cooperation for an enabling environment. An Intergovernmental PrepCom for the event will be held from 5-9 February 2001. He said PRSPs are instruments that have some promise in that they can lead developing countries to achieve goals equitably and effectively in their own way. For more information contact: Financing for Development Coordinating Secretariat, United Nations Headquarters, New York, Harris Gleckman, tel: +1-212-963-4690; e-mail: [email protected] or Federica Pietracci, tel: +1-212-963-8497; e-mail: [email protected]; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/ffd, WORLD SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (RIO+10): This UN Summit for the 10-year review of progress in implementing the outcome of the UN Conference on Environment and Development will take place in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2002. 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